Schizophrenia is a daemon that strikes healthy teenagers and young adults. It also robs them with past present and future. It is one of the most complicated disease with so many different kind of symptoms.
In other words, Schizophrenia is a brain disorder that forces people to interpret reality abnormally. Its impact is so strong that people aren’t able to distinguish between what is real and when is imaginary. They might even face difficulty in expressing themselves at social activities.
Causes of Schizophrenia:
As told earlier, causes of this mysterious disease are still unclear. Schizophrenia develops as a result of exchange between biological predisposition and the kind of environment a person is exposed to. This leads to subtle alterations in the brain that make a person susceptible to developing schizophrenia. The environmental factors later on increase the risk by damaging the brain further.
Types of Schizophrenia:
Catatonic schizophrenia – In this kind, a person becomes mute and also negative and often gets into very unusual body positions.
Schizoaffective disorder—in this kind, major mood disorder such as depression happens.
Disorganized schizophrenia – In this kind, a person becomes incoherent in speech
Paranoid schizophrenia — a person starts feeling extremely persecuted or experiences a combination of emotions.
Residual schizophrenia — a person loses motivation or interest in life.
Symptoms of Schizophrenia:
- Change in Behavior: It causes impairments in a person’s ability to take care of him or herself, work, and interact with others
- Absence of emotional expressions: Lack of eye contact and restricted facial expressions.
- Inability to talk properly with everyone: Speech difficulties: A person is unable to carry a conversation. Sometimes disconnected.
There is no such treatment that heals this diseases permanently, yet people can live a productive life with proper treatment. Recovery is possible through some rehabilitation programs.
- Using Antipsychotics: These are injections that are given once or twice a week. Some people start having side effects but are gone after few days.
- Psychosocial Treatments: People infected from schizophrenia who participate in regular psychosocial treatment are less likely to have relapses or be hospitalized.
Caring and supporting your loved one who is suffering with schizophrenia can be difficult. It is quite difficult to know how to respond to people who are suffering from such diseases but our support can help in changing their life.