Hepatitis B

Hepatitis B ,Know all about Hepatitis B.

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Hepatitis B is caused by an infectious DNA virus namely Hepatitis B virus which is different from Hepatitis A and C viruses. Hepatitis B virus affects the liver and creates acute (self-limiting) and chronic (long lasting) infections. These infections may result in death of the person due to resulting liver disease, Cirrhosis or liver cancer depending upon the type of infection.

Causes:

  1. Getting in touch with infectious blood or blood fluids due to working in any health cares, dialysis, visiting infected places or people
  2. Sex with infected person
  3. Transmission from mother to child during childbirth
  4. Using intravenous drug
  5. Transfusion
  6. Bites or injuries
  7. Tattoos
  8. Acupuncture

Symptoms:

  1. Vomiting
  2. Fever and headache
  3. Jaundice
  4. Yellow skin
  5. Fatigue
  6. Loss of appetite
  7. Tiredness
  8. Hard urine
  9. Upper abdomen pain

Important points to know:

  1. Hepatitis B virus is not shared by hand shaking, kissing, sharing foods or utensils, through water, breast feeding, hugging and coughing.
  2. Hepatitis B infected people should avoid Alcohol.

 

Diagnosis:

  1. Blood test

Prevention:

  1. Vaccination creates protective antibodies that protects from Hepatitis B virus from replication
  2. Using condoms during sexual intercourses
  3. Avoiding used syringes and blades

 

Treatments:

None of the medicines can clear the infection but using drugs the virus can be stopped from reproducing thus prevents liver damage. Acute Hepatitis B doesn’t need any special treatments because it will be cleared naturally within a week or month and sometimes, it may require anti viral treatment. Six months to one year treatment of chronic infection depending on medication and genotype may be required to escape from liver cancer and Cirrhosis. Liver transplantation may be done to relieve from having liver failure due to acute infections.

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