Many of us think that heart attack and stroke are same. But, according to medical science they are really not.
Let’s come here and know all about stroke
|Heart attack occurs when blood flow to a part of heart is blocked usually by a blood clot and in turn heart muscle begins to die.||Stroke is actually a brain attack; blocking of blood flow and oxygen to brain. It happens when a blood vessel is jammed or exploded.|
Effect of stroke
Our brain needs a constant supply of blood to function properly. When a stroke happens, brain cells get damaged or begin to die which affects how our body and mind works. Stroke can cause disability or death.
Types of Strokes
There are three types of stroke.
Ischaemic stroke: This stroke happens when the artery that supplies blood to brain is somehow blocked. The arteries are narrowed by a gradual accumulation of a fatty material within their walls. A piece of that fatty material breaks from the arteries which forms blood clots and then cuts blood supply to brain- causing a stroke. Most of the strokes are of this kind.
Haemorrhagic stroke: This happens when a blood vessel bursts and bleeds into brain. This damages brain tissues due to no supply of blood and oxygen. Common cause of Haemorrhagic strokes is high blood pressure.
TIA (Transient Ischemic attack): This is caused by temporary blood clots. This is often termed as “Mini stroke”. These strokes should also be considered seriously.
The more risk factors a person have, more likely to experience stroke. Followings are the noted risk factors.
- High blood pressure
- High cholesterol
- Alcohol intake
- Family history of heart disease
- Gender – men are more likely to stroke than women
Signs and symptoms
- Impaired, blurred or loss of vision either in one or both eyes
- Headaches and migraine
- Change in behaviour or language
- Weakness in leg or arm
- Pain in one side of face or droopiness
- Problem in breathing
If anyone experiencing any or many of these symptoms listed above, immediate medical diagnosis is essential and these should never be unnoticed. Consult a doctor and provide detailed information. It will be better to provide detailed medical history, past medical conditions and time of the signs began. Brain scanning should be done soon to find out the type of stroke. Sometimes surgical treatment required.
Family history, age, gender are not in human control but we can control other risk factors like high blood pressure, high cholesterol, smoking, Alcohol intake, diabetes, obesity.
A healthy eating can stop weight gain, diabetes, high blood pressure, lower cholesterol and improve heart condition also.
- Eat plenty of fruits and vegetables
- Eat Wholegrain , rice, potatoes, bread
- Drink fluids- water, milk and fruit juices
- Include meat, fish, egg, beans and non-dairy proteins
- Have only small amount of high fat foods, high sugary and salty foods
Avoid or limit alcohol
Quit smoking- Those who smoke are 2 times more likely to have stroke and other heart disease or cancer.
Stay active – Always walk, exercise, do yoga and keep doing some physical activities also. This improves heart and mental health and reduces high blood pressure, cholesterol and weight gain.
Manage weight – Weight management prevents you from high blood pressure, cholesterol and reduces the future risk of heart disease. Always maintain age-height-weight ratio.